May 2020

Post n°163
Published on 05/27/2020

A pandemic is the type of challenges that can only be overcome by global action. Despite a pre-crisis context fraught with geopolitical and trade tensions, this necessary international coordination has been achieved in the economic field. However, the post-crisis phase will exacerbate conflicts of interest and constitute a "stress test" for multilateralism.

Chart 1. Measures taken by governments in response to the Covid 19 crisis (as a % of G20+ countries)
Chart 1. Measures taken by governments in response to the Covid 19 crisis (as a % of G20+ countries) Source: IMF, April 2020.
Post n°162
Published on 05/20/2020

Is central bank money “magic money” that could avoid issuing government debt or extinguish existing debt? This blog explains what is central bank money, how it is created, and the relationship between central bank and government finances. There are no easy options to avoid paying for fiscal deficits.

Figure 1: Sovereign debt held by the Eurosystem as % of GDP
Figure 1: Sovereign debt held by the Eurosystem as % of GDP Source : ECB ; Note : last data point 2019 Q4.
Post n°161
Published on 05/12/2020

History remembers Roosevelt for pulling the United States out of the Great Depression. He did it through communication – responding to the concerns of the American people – and by changing economic policy. His goal? To break out of the vicious circle in which pessimism amplifies a recession. Although the crises may differ, this blog looks at the lessons that we can learn from this strategy for the current crisis.

Franklin D. Roosevelt during one of his “fireside chats” in1934
Franklin D. Roosevelt during one of his “fireside chats” in 1934 Source: Harris & Ewing, Library of Congress
Post n°160
Published on 05/07/2020

By Mathilde Gerardin and Martial Ranvier

Using the additional comments collected at the end of the monthly business survey for March, we used text mining to construct indicators of how firms are adapting to the lockdown (short-time work, teleworking, etc.). This information provides an overview of the way industry-specific organisational structures are being adapted, and both confirms and expands on the findings of the survey.

Chart 1: Features of the 3 industry clusters
Chart 1: Features of the 3 industry clusters Source: The Banque de France's monthly business survey (MBS).